The CM-11 Brave Tiger (Chinese: 勇虎式戰車; pinyin: yǒnghǔshì zhànchē) is a Main Battle Tank (MBT) that was developed by both the American General Dynamics and the Republic of China Army Armored Vehicle Development Center It was introduced to the public on 14 April 1990. Being a variant of the M48 Patton, it is also known as the M48H Main Battle Tank. The CM-11 is a hybrid M60 chassis fitted with the turret from the older M48 Patton and the fire control system of the M1 Abrams.
The CM-12 Tank is a modified M48A3 for Republic of China Army situated on Taiwan. The Armored Vehicle Development Center (AVDC) used the extra 100 Fire Control System units from the production of the CM-11 to modify the existing M48A3 tanks of the ROC Army. The modification was completed before 1993.